Review of Regional Weather Conditions for First Fortnight of July 2018
1. Review of Regional Weather Conditions for First Fortnight of July 2018
1.2 During the review period, parts of the Mekong sub-region, including Myanmar, Lao PDR and Viet Nam, received above-normal rainfall. Rainfall was below normal over most parts of the western equatorial Maritime Continent, particularly over Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, and West and Central Kalimantan. The rainfall distribution and the percent of normal rainfall for the first fortnight of July 2018 are shown in Figures 1 and 2.
1.3 Stronger-than-usual southwesterly winds prevailed over the northern ASEAN region and the South China Sea. In areas south of the Equator, winds generally blew from the southeast or south, typical of the wind flow for this time of the year. Figure 3 shows the average and anomalous winds at 5000 feet.
1.4 The El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) remained in the neutral state (neither El Niño nor La Niña). While there were signs of further increase in sea surface temperatures in the eastern Pacific Ocean, other atmospheric indicators continued to show neutral conditions.
1.5 In the second week of July 2018, the Madden Julian Oscillation (MJO) strengthened and progressed through Phases 4 and 5 . While its strength was stronger than expected, its movement was largely in line with model forecasts. This was consistent with the increased rainfall activities and a strengthening of south-westerly or westerly winds observed over the northern ASEAN region, and the transition from wet to dry conditions over the southern ASEAN region.