Review of Regional Weather Conditions for First Fortnight of June 2019
1. Review of Regional Weather Conditions for First Fortnight of June 2019
1.1 In the first fortnight of June 2019, strong southwesterly winds prevailed over the northern parts of Lao PDR and Viet Nam while anomalous easterly winds or southeasterly winds were observed elsewhere in the northern ASEAN region. In the southern ASEAN region, southeasterly winds prevailed (Figure 1).
1.2 There were isolated showers over many parts of the northern ASEAN region, while scattered showers fell over coastal Myanmar. Above-average rainfall was received in northern and southern Viet Nam, eastern half of Cambodia, and parts of northern Lao PDR. Below-average to near-average rainfall was received elsewhere in the northern ASEAN region. In the southern ASEAN region, above-average rainfall was received near the equator, in particular over Malaysia, Sulawesi, central Sumatra, and most parts of Kalimantan. Below-average rainfall was recorded mainly around Java and the Timor Sea regions.
1.3 During the first week of June 2019, the Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) propagated through Phases 2 and 3. The MJO signal weakened briefly before strengthening again and propagating through Phase 4. The MJO signal in these phases typically bring wetter conditions over the equatorial parts of the ASEAN region, and its influence in early June 2019 may have been a contributing factor to the wetter-than-usual conditions experienced in the equatorial southern ASEAN region.
1.4 The sea-surface temperatures (SST) were warmer than average over the Nino3.4 region during the first fortnight of June 2019. However, trade winds were close to normal over the equatorial Pacific Ocean. Neither El Nino nor La Nina conditions prevailed during the period.